The European Union (EU) is committed to combating climate change and to increasing security of its energy supply. Bioenergy is a renewable energy source that, if produced sustainably, saves greenhouse gas emissions and could play a key role for both EU targets. Bioenergy already accounts for more than two thirds of total renewable energy in the EU, and importantly, is a reliable, non-intermittent source of energy.

The European Industrial Bioenergy Initiative (EIBI) is one of the industrial initiatives launched under the SET Plan, which is the technology pillar of the EU’s energy and climate policy. The EIBI aims to contribute to the commercial availability of advanced bioenergy at large scale by 2020, aiming at production costs which allow competitiveness with fossil fuels at the prevailing economic and regulatory market conditions. EIBI further aims to contribute to advanced biofuels (i.e. sustainable biofuels with a broader material base and/or better end product properties than biofuels currently on the market) covering up to 4% of EU transportation energy needs by 2020.
A consortium of nine EU Member States and Associated Countries, including Austria, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Sweden and the UK is implementing an ERANET Cofund activity entitled Bioenergy Sustaining the Future (BESTF). This activity will provide funding to collaborative bioenergy projects that demonstrate at least one innovative step and will result in demonstration at a pre-commercial stage. Boosting the contribution of bioenergy to the EU climate and energy ambitions.